If you're planning to rent a car in Georgia, it's essential to familiarize yourself with the country's traffic rules, fines, and road police. This article will guide you through the necessary information, so you can have a stress-free and safe driving experience in this beautiful nation.
Traffic Rules in Georgia
When driving in Georgia, it's crucial to follow the local traffic rules to avoid fines and ensure the safety of everyone on the road.
- Drive side: In Georgia, you should drive on the right side of the road.
- Seat belts: Wearing seat belts is mandatory for both the driver and all passengers.
- Using phones: It is strictly prohibited to use mobile phones while driving, except for hands-free devices.
- Rules for carrying children: Children under 12 years old or shorter than 150 cm must use appropriate child restraint systems.
- Headlights: Headlights must be on at all times while driving, even during the daytime.
- Alcohol consumption: The legal blood alcohol content (BAC) limit for drivers is 0.03%. Driving with a higher BAC is against the law.
- Be aware of specific traffic signs, such as the "STOP" sign written in Georgian (საყურადღებია).
Speed Limits in Georgia
Speed limits in Georgia vary depending on the type of road:
- Urban areas: 60 km/h (37 mph)
- Non-urban roads: 90 km/h (56 mph)
- Highways: 110 km/h (68 mph)
Always follow the posted speed limits, as exceeding them may result in fines.
Fines in Georgia
Fines for traffic violations in Georgia are as follows (in Georgian Lari and EUR equivalent):
- Speeding: 50-500 GEL (15-150 EUR)
- Not wearing a seat belt: 40 GEL (12 EUR)
- Using a mobile phone while driving: 50 GEL (15 EUR)
- Parking violations: 60-100 GEL (18-30 EUR)
- Running a red light: 100 GEL (30 EUR)
- Drunk driving: 200-2000 GEL (60-600 EUR)
- Children without child seats: 50 GEL (15 EUR)
Fines can be paid at local banks, post offices, or online through official websites.
Road Police in Georgia
Georgia has an extensive network of traffic cameras that monitor speeding, red light violations, and other traffic offenses. The road police, known as "Patruli," are responsible for enforcing traffic laws and assisting motorists in need. If you're stopped by the police, remain calm, provide the requested documents, and follow their instructions.
In case of an accident, call the police at 112. They will provide assistance and complete the necessary paperwork for insurance purposes.