When planning to rent a car in Kazakhstan, it's essential to familiarize yourself with the country's traffic rules, fines, and road police.
Traffic Rules in Kazakhstan
In Kazakhstan, drivers must adhere to the following rules:
- Drive on the right side of the road.
- Seat belts are mandatory for all passengers.
- Mobile phone usage is prohibited while driving unless using a hands-free device.
- Children under 12 years old or shorter than 150 cm must use child restraint systems.
- Headlights must be turned on during poor visibility conditions and from sunset to sunrise.
- Alcohol consumption is strictly regulated; the legal blood alcohol content (BAC) limit is 0.0% for all drivers.
- Watch out for specific traffic signs, such as the "Stop and Give Way" sign at intersections and the "No Overtaking" sign on two-lane roads.
Speed Limits in Kazakhstan
Speed limits in Kazakhstan vary depending on the type of road:
- Urban areas: 60 km/h (37 mph)
- Rural areas: 90 km/h (56 mph)
- Highways: 110 km/h (68 mph)
Fines in Kazakhstan
Fines for traffic violations are as follows (in Kazakhstani tenge and EUR equivalent):
- Speeding: 5,000 to 30,000 KZT (10 to 60 EUR)
- Not wearing a seat belt: 5,000 KZT (10 EUR)
- Using a mobile phone while driving: 10,000 KZT (20 EUR)
- Parking violations: 5,000 to 10,000 KZT (10 to 20 EUR)
- Running a red light: 20,000 KZT (40 EUR)
- Drunk driving: 30,000 to 150,000 KZT (60 to 300 EUR)
- Children without child seats: 10,000 KZT (20 EUR)
Fines can be paid online, at designated payment points, or at the nearest post office.
Road Police in Kazakhstan
Road police in Kazakhstan are equipped with cameras, radar devices, and patrol vehicles. If stopped by the police, remain calm and polite, provide your driving documents, and follow their instructions. In case of an accident, call the road police at 102.